• A local woman stands at the narrowest point of Fongafale island in the Funafuti atoll. On the left side is the Pacific Ocean and on the right side in the lagoon at the centre of the Funafuti atoll. The coral island atoll nation has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable islands to climate change. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Cameron Isala, 25, a fisherman, stands near the shoreline in central Funafuti, the capital of the small Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Land poor micro-states in the region are some of the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. This has driven many to flee their homelands, in fear of the potential environmental catastophes their countries are vulnerable to, and also in search of higher incomes through better job opportunities provided by other larger countries. It is estimated nearly 20% of Tuvalu's population have left and reside in other countries such as New Zealand and Australia. Young adults are the most likely to leave, with the older generation most likely to stay. A recent report by The Australian National University estimates by 2050, "47% of Tuvaluan adults (4,900 people)...will want to migrate but [will] be unable to do so", with limiting factors being financial and available places on migration programs to other countries. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A couple on a motorbike pass through the narrowest point of Fongafale island in the Funafuti atoll. On the left side is the Pacific Ocean and on the right side in the lagoon at the centre of the Funafuti atoll. The coral island atoll nation has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable islands to climate change. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • People play volleyball next to a flooded area near the airport runway, in downtown Funafuti. Parts of the island flood at this time of the year due to the 'king tides'. The king tides are seasonal and are characterised by very high water levels in the surrounding ocean. At this time of year the waves inundate the coastline but also water seeps up through the ground which is made of porous coral. This natural phenomenon is particularly serious for Tuvalu, a low-lying atoll island nation, whose highest point is only a few metres above sea level. As sea levels rise, the king tides regularly flood parts of the island and will likely increase in severity in the future, potentially making large parts of the nation uninhabitable. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A dead fish on the shores of a beach in Funafuti. According to RNZ News in 2018, "The European Union has lifted a so-called "yellow card" it had given Tuvalu over its fisheries management. The lifting comes following improvements Tuvalu's made to fight illegal fishing. Tuvalu was issued the yellow card in December 2014, at risk of being considered a "non-cooperating country." Fish caught by vessels operating in these countries can't be imported into the EU. The European Commission said it recognised Tuvalu's progress in addressing shortcomings in its fisheries governance. It said the EU had been able to help Tuvalu combat illegal fishing through a range of measures. " Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A boy runs next to a flooded area near the airport runway, in downtown Funafuti. Parts of the island flood at this time of the year due to the 'king tides'. The king tides are seasonal and are characterised by very high water levels in the surrounding ocean. At this time of year the waves inundate the coastline but also water seeps up through the ground which is made of porous coral. This natural phenomenon is particularly serious for Tuvalu, a low-lying atoll island nation, whose highest point is only a few metres above sea level. As sea levels rise, the king tides regularly flood parts of the island and will likely increase in severity in the future, potentially making large parts of the nation uninhabitable. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • The wreck of the ship 'Van Camp' lies off of the coast of the island of Fongafale in the Funafuti atoll. The ship ran aground during a typhoon in the 1970's. The last remnants of the ship's shell are slowly disappearing to the ocean, as modern vessels (in background) continue to ply the waters nearby. Tuvalu is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise.  Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean (left) crash onto shore in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Seen from above, it's easy to see why the Southwest Pacific country of Tuvalu has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable nations to climate change. The country is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. According to the Tuvaluan government, "since 1993, sea level near Tuvalu has risen about 5mm per year; this is larger than the global average." Other challenges face the country including drought, ocean acidification and waste problems. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean crash onto shore in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Seen from above, it's easy to see why the Southwest Pacific country of Tuvalu has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable nations to climate change. The country is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. According to the Tuvaluan government, "since 1993, sea level near Tuvalu has risen about 5mm per year; this is larger than the global average." Other challenges face the country including drought, ocean acidification and waste problems. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A man lies on the ground during a football match being played on the Funafuti International airport runway. There are only 4 flights in and out of Tuvalu each week, allowing the locals to use to airfield for recreational purposes when there are no flights expected. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A young boy swims in a flooded area near the airport runway, in downtown Funafuti. Parts of the island flood at this time of the year due to the 'king tides'. The king tides are seasonal and are characterised by very high water levels in the surrounding ocean. At this time of year the waves inundate the coastline but also water seeps up through the ground which is made of porous coral. This natural phenomenon is particularly serious for Tuvalu, a low-lying atoll island nation, whose highest point is only a few metres above sea level. As sea levels rise, the king tides regularly flood parts of the island and will likely increase in severity in the future, potentially making large parts of the nation uninhabitable. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean crash onto shore in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Seen from above, it's easy to see why the Southwest Pacific country of Tuvalu has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable nations to climate change. The country is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. According to the Tuvaluan government, "since 1993, sea level near Tuvalu has risen about 5mm per year; this is larger than the global average." Other challenges face the country including drought, ocean acidification and waste problems. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A family sit on the Funafuti International airport runway. There are only 4 flights in and out of Tuvalu each week, allowing the locals to use to airfield for recreational purposes when there are no flights expected. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A man rides his motorbike past floodwaters in downtown Funafuti. Parts of the island flood at this time of the year due to the 'king tides'. The king tides are seasonal and are characterised by very high water levels in the surrounding ocean. At this time of year the waves inundate the coastline but also water seeps up through the ground which is made of porous coral. This natural phenomenon is particularly serious for Tuvalu, a low-lying atoll island nation, whose highest point is only a few metres above sea level. As sea levels rise, the king tides regularly flood parts of the island and will likely increase in severity in the future, potentially making large parts of the nation uninhabitable. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean crash onto shore in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Seen from above, it's easy to see why the Southwest Pacific country of Tuvalu has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable nations to climate change. The country is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. According to the Tuvaluan government, "since 1993, sea level near Tuvalu has risen about 5mm per year; this is larger than the global average." Other challenges face the country including drought, ocean acidification and waste problems. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Dencus Tanalua, 24, a carpenter, stands near the shoreline in central Funafuti, the capital of the small Pacific nation of Tuvalu. Land poor micro-states in the region are some of the most vulnerable to climate change impacts. This has driven many to flee their homelands, in fear of the potential environmental catastophes their countries are vulnerable to, and also in search of higher incomes through better job opportunities provided by other larger countries. It is estimated nearly 20% of Tuvalu's population have left and reside in other countries such as New Zealand and Australia. Young adults are the most likely to leave, with the older generation most likely to stay. A recent report by The Australian National University estimates by 2050, "47% of Tuvaluan adults (4,900 people)...will want to migrate but [will] be unable to do so", with limiting factors being financial and available places on migration programs to other countries. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Two women and a child sit on the Funafuti International airport runway. There are only 4 flights in and out of Tuvalu each week, allowing the locals to use to airfield for recreational purposes when there are no flights expected. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A family play on the Funafuti International airport runway. There are only 4 flights in and out of Tuvalu each week, allowing the locals to use to airfield for recreational purposes when there are no flights expected. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A father and child sit on the Funafuti International airport runway. There are only 4 flights in and out of Tuvalu each week, allowing the locals to use to airfield for recreational purposes when there are no flights expected. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean crash onto the shoreline of Funafuti, Tuvalu. The coral island atoll nation has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable islands to climate change. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • The wreck of the ship 'Van Camp' lies off of the coast of the island of Fongafale in the Funafuti atoll. The ship ran aground during a typhoon in the 1970's. The last remnants of the ship's shell are slowly disappearing to the ocean. Tuvalu is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • The wreck of the ship 'Van Camp' lies off of the coast of the island of Fongafale in the Funafuti atoll. The ship ran aground during a typhoon in the 1970's. The last remnants of the ship's shell are slowly dissapearing to the ocean, as modern vessels (in background) continue to ply the waters nearby. Tuvalu is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • A young boy swims in a flooded area near the airport runway, in downtown Funafuti. Parts of the island flood at this time of the year due to the 'king tides'. The king tides are seasonal and are characterised by very high water levels in the surrounding ocean. At this time of year the waves inundate the coastline but also water seeps up through the ground which is made of porous coral. This natural phenomenon is particularly serious for Tuvalu, a low-lying atoll island nation, whose highest point is only a few metres above sea level. As sea levels rise, the king tides regularly flood parts of the island and will likely increase in severity in the future, potentially making large parts of the nation uninhabitable. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
  • Waves from the Pacific Ocean crash onto shore in Funafuti, Tuvalu. Seen from above, it's easy to see why the Southwest Pacific country of Tuvalu has been identified as one of the world's most vulnerable nations to climate change. The country is made up of a collection of small islands and coral atolls, totalling only 27 square kilometres, scattered over 500,000 square kilometres of ocean. The highest point throughout the country is only 5 metres above sea level, resulting in special vulnerability to sea level rise. According to the Tuvaluan government, "since 1993, sea level near Tuvalu has risen about 5mm per year; this is larger than the global average." Other challenges face the country including drought, ocean acidification and waste problems. Funafuti, Tuvalu. March, 2019.
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